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DBMS > Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Linter vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Linter vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLinter  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.RDBMS for high security requirementsA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.07
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score12.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#327  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaselinter.ru/­enrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaserealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014relex.ru/­enRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release2010201219902014
Current release8.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAIX
Android
BSD
HP Open VMS
iOS
Linux
OS X
VxWorks
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
LINQ
ODBC
OLE DB
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Ruby
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.limited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntax with the possibility to convert from PL/SQLno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseLinterRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseLinterRealm
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

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6 May 2019, GeekWire

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26 February 2020, SiliconANGLE News

Exposed Firebase databases hidden by Google search
2 December 2019, TechTarget

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

Exhaustive Study on Mobile App Analytics Software Market 2020 | Strategic Assessment by Top Players (Appsee, Buddybuild (Doe Pics Hit), Mixpanel, Firebase (Google), Amplitude, Localytics, Keen,) | Forecast to 2026
25 February 2020, News Times

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

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15 August 2012, Virtualization Review

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24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

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