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DBMS > Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonLinter  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A widely adopted in-memory data gridRDBMS for high security requirementsTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.18
Rank#152  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.02
Rank#331  Overall
#137  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehazelcast.comlinter.ru/­enpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasehazelcast.org/­imdg/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Hazelcastrelex.ru/­enPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20102012200819902016
Current release8.1, December 20184.0, February 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Android
BSD
HP Open VMS
iOS
Linux
OS X
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
LINQ
ODBC
OLE DB
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Ruby
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.limited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoproprietary syntax with the possibility to convert from PL/SQLno
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoEventsyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoReplicated MapSource-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseHazelcastLinterTiDB
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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