DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.96
Rank#152  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score148.81
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.73
Rank#175  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticStardog-Union
Initial release201020102010
Current release8.1, December 20187.2.0, June 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languageSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusElasticsearchStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customers
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusElasticsearchStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Adds PostgreSQL Scalability Solution with Citus Data Purchase
24 January 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Industry Leaders to Gather at the First Distributed SQL Summit Presented by YugaByte and PostgresConf
9 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

8M lines of hotel-related code exposed in latest Elasticsearch database configuration failure
17 July 2019, SiliconANGLE News

Izenda Adds Elasticsearch and MongoDB as Data Sources
1 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

Another Big ElasticSearch Data Leak Rocks China, Raises Global Concerns
10 July 2019, Channel Futures

Introducing Elastic SIEM
25 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Open Distro for Elasticsearch moves forward with v1.0 release
4 July 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

Senior Data Engineer
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

DevOps/Infrastructure Engineer
Intel, Santa Clara, CA

Full Stack Developer
Rackspace, Remote

Full Stack Developer
Rackspace, Austin, TX

Full Stack Developer
BOEING, Tampa, FL

Senior Software Engineer
Netflix, Los Gatos, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here