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DBMS > Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Elasticsearch vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.97
Rank#150  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score148.62
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticComplexible Inc.
Initial release201020102010
Current release8.1, December 20187.0.0, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languageSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesno
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusElasticsearchStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Key customers
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusElasticsearchStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft rolls out new performance-scaling features for Azure databases, including serverless Azure SQL
6 May 2019, GeekWire

Microsoft Adds PostgreSQL Scalability Solution with Citus Data Purchase
24 January 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft rolls out IoT, mapping, databases, storage, and analytics updates across Azure services
6 May 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft tips new Edge browser features, election security tech
6 May 2019, Fox News

provided by Google News

Some Elasticsearch security features are now free for everyone
21 May 2019, ZDNet

Exposed Elasticsearch Database Compromises Data on ...
17 May 2019, Dark Reading

Sensitive Information of Millions of Panama Citizens Leaked
13 May 2019, BleepingComputer

Canada's Freedom Mobile Elasticsearch database exposed | SC Media
8 May 2019, SC Magazine

Unprotected Elasticsearch Server Leaves 85% Of All Panama Citizens Data Exposed
14 May 2019, ISBuzz News

provided by Google News

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