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DBMS > Citus vs. EDB Postgres vs. Postgres-XL vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. EDB Postgres vs. Postgres-XL vs. Tarantool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applications
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#117  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#228  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score1.77
Rank#146  Overall
#27  Key-value stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.enterprisedb.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperEnterpriseDBVK
Initial release201020052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2008
Current release8.1, December 201814, December 202110 R1, October 20182.10.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentsOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCCCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangehorizontal partitioningHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusEDB PostgresPostgres-XLTarantool
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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More resources
CitusEDB PostgresPostgres-XLTarantool
DB-Engines blog posts

Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
9 November 2021,  Vladimir Perepelytsya, Tarantool (sponsor) 

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