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DBMS > Citus vs. Dgraph vs. ToroDB vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Dgraph vs. ToroDB vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.34
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score1.62
Rank#151  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#327  Overall
#46  Document stores
Score0.16
Rank#331  Overall
#35  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comdgraph.iowww.torodb.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdgraph.io/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.8KdataVelocityDB Inc
Initial release2010201620162011
Current release8.1, December 20187.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoJavaC#
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMAny that supports .NET
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
.Net
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nono
TriggersyesnonoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSynchronous replication via RaftSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication

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More resources
CitusDgraphToroDBVelocityDB
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