DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.00
Rank#152  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#145  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comdgraph.iogithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.dgraph.iotechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Microsoft
Initial release2010201620141992
Current release8.1, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSynchronous replication via Raftnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusDgraphLokiJSMicrosoft Access
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusDgraphLokiJSMicrosoft Access
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MS Access drops in DB-Engines Ranking
2 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server regained rank 2 in the DB-Engines popularity ranking
3 December 2012, Matthias Gelbmann

New DB-Engines Ranking shows the popularity of database management systems
3 October 2012, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft acquires Citus Data
24 January 2019, TechCrunch

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft rolls out new performance-scaling features for Azure databases, including serverless Azure SQL
6 May 2019, GeekWire

provided by Google News

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

Dgraph Labs Secures $11.5 Million in Latest Funding Round
31 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Startup Dgraph Labs growing graph database technology
1 August 2019, TechTarget

Dgraph raises $3M for its open-source distributed graph database, hits 1.0 release
19 December 2017, TechCrunch

Dgraph releases Ristretto, a fast, concurrent and memory-bound Go cache library
24 September 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

LokiJS 1.4 Release Brings Performance Improvement, NativeScript Adapter
12 July 2016, InfoQ.com

Fast, Lightweight Data Storage for Cordova Apps with LokiJS
26 January 2016, SitePoint

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

NativeScript 6 Goes Webpack All The Way
22 July 2019, iProgrammer

LinkedIn open-sources URL-Detector Java library, LokiJS 1.4, and Bulgaria's new open-source law—SD Times news digest: July 5, 2016
5 July 2016, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

University Libraries announces data visualization sessions for spring 2020
15 January 2020, Penn State News

Researchers develop free, online symptom self-management program for patients with MS
7 January 2020, News-Medical.net

Software Developer
14 January 2020, BethesdaMagazine.com

5 basic courses for IT competency in the industry
2 January 2020, State-Journal.com

Prime Insurance | Remote Mid Senior Microsoft Developer With Team Experience
1 January 2020, Technical.ly

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Research Information Scientist
New York University, Brooklyn, NY

PostgresSQL DBA Engineer
Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc., Hoboken, NJ

Full Stack Engineer
Novetta, Boston, MA

Data Engineer
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

Senior Data Engineer
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

Director of Data Engineering
Conde Nast, New York, NY

Security - Principal Research Engineer
Elastic, Baltimore, MD

MS Access Database Developer
CACI, Suitland, MD

Park Ranger - Parks, Recreation and Neighborhood Services
City of San Jose, San Jose, CA

MS ACCESS / VBA DEVELOPER
DNTG Software, Cerritos, CA

Database Administration Support
Research Triangle Park, NC

MS-Access/SQL-Server Developer
ALPAC, Inc, Ann Arbor, MI

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here