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DBMS > Citus vs. Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonLinter  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A widely adopted in-memory data gridRDBMS for high security requirements
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#143  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score31.00
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score16.95
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.09
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.12
Rank#299  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehazelcast.comlinter.ru/­en
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasehazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014Hazelcastrelex.ru/­en
Initial release20102011201220081990
Current release8.1, December 2018Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.1.1, December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageCC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Android
BSD
HP Open VMS
iOS
Linux
OS X
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
LINQ
ODBC
OLE DB
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Ruby
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Functions and timers in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoproprietary syntax with the possibility to convert from PL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoEventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoReplicated MapSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes, based on authentication and database rulesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseHazelcastLinter
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Hazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Hazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Hazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Hazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Hazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
CitusCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseHazelcastLinter
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