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DBMS > Citus vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score5.77
Rank#66  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comcouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablespouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablepouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release2010200520122012
Current release8.1, December 20183.0, February 20207.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinuxAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsnoyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnonono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScriptnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleoptimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesno

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More resources
CitusCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Table StoragePouchDB
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