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DBMS > Citus vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score22.46
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score2.18
Rank#122  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comcouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release20102005201620172016
Current release8.1, December 20183.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCErlangC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScriptTransact SQLyes
Triggersyesyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyesRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
CitusCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTigerGraphToroDB
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