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DBMS > Citus vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.18
Rank#152  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score3.76
Rank#83  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comcloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release201020102009
Current release8.1, December 201810.4.12, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageCErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusCloudantMariaDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusCloudantMariaDB
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

PlanetScale scales out MySQL
4 May 2020, ZDNet

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

Automate capsule delivery in Kubernetes
22 July 2020, Somag News

Introducing IBM Cloudant on Transaction Engine: Cloud Native by Design
23 June 2020, DevOps.com

IBM Expands Cloud Database Services with Kubernetes
26 September 2019, EnterpriseAI

How to Trigger OpenWhisk Actions on Cloudant Databases Changes
27 July 2016, DZone News

IBM’s new CEO lays out his roadmap
5 May 2020, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

MariaDB announces Platform X5, a comprehensive open source database solution
20 July 2020, Help Net Security

MariaDB Platform X5 Adds New Distributed SQL
16 July 2020, Business Wire

Distributed SQL database capabilities come to MariaDB X5
16 July 2020, TechTarget

MariaDB's $25M funding round expands reach and development of SkySQL
13 July 2020, Help Net Security

Open source in the clouds
22 July 2020, Data Economy

provided by Google News

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