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DBMS > Cassandra vs. TypeDB vs. YDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. TypeDB vs. YDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonYDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score103.86
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.81
Rank#217  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#99  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#285  Overall
#43  Document stores
#130  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgtypedb.comgithub.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesttypedb.com/­docsydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookVaticleYandex
Initial release200820162019
Current release4.1.3, July 20232.26.3, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoby using CassandraSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraTypeDB infoformerly named GraknYDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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TypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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TypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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Apache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
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