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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessIn-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applicationsTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score117.95
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.77
Rank#143  Overall
#27  Key-value stores
Score1.11
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#90  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.tarantool.iovaticle.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.tarantool.io/­en/­docdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookVKVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release200820082016
Current release4.0.6, August 20222.10.0, May 20222.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleanyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Full-featured ANSI SQL supportno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Open binary protocolgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoLua, C and SQL stored proceduresno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Hash sharding based on virtual bucketsSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes, with SQLno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID, read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Cassandra: Zero touch operations, configuration and management with true autoscaling
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Aiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

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Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
9 November 2021,  Vladimir Perepelytsya, Tarantool (sponsor) 

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Conferences and events

Cassandra Day London
London, UK, 11 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

4 Common Questions We Hear about Apache Cassandra
14 September 2022, thenewstack.io

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21 September 2022, CrowdStrike

Cassandra Summit Returns to Showcase the Future of Apache Cassandra
30 September 2022, Datanami

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provided by Google News

Tarantool: A Lua-based database engine
13 April 2016, Opensource.com

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