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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Sphinx vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Sphinx vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelWide column storeSearch engineDocument store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score115.45
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score7.23
Rank#61  Overall
#8  Search engines
Score0.53
Rank#235  Overall
#36  Document stores
#113  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgsphinxsearch.comcloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestsphinxsearch.com/­docscloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookSphinx Technologies Inc.Yandex
Initial release200820012019
Current release4.0.4, May 20223.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (SphinxQL)SQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Proprietary protocolRESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenoneActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnoAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraSphinxYandex Database (YDB)
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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