DB-EnginesExtremeDB: mitigate connectivity issues in a DBMSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Solr vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Solr vs. Sqrrl

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelWide column storeSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score103.86
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score44.28
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitecassandra.apache.orgsolr.apache.orgsqrrl.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestsolr.apache.org/­resources.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software FoundationAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release200820062012
Current release4.1.3, July 20239.5.0, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Solr Parallel SQL Interfaceno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava pluginsno
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsoptimistic lockingAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyesCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraSolrSqrrl
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

Knowledge Graphs for RAG without a GraphDB
18 April 2024

How Winweb Built its AI Assistant with DataStax Astra DB and LangChain
17 April 2024

Vercel + Astra DB: Get Data into Your GenAI Apps Fast
16 April 2024

Simplifying Agent Development with Astra DB Connector for Vertex AI Search
11 April 2024

Making Astra DB easier for MongoDB developers
10 April 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCassandra Forward event: Want to level up your Cassandra game? Watch now replays of the March 2023 sessions.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraSolrSqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Elasticsearch replaced Solr as the most popular search engine
12 January 2016, Paul Andlinger

Enterprise Search Engines almost double their popularity in the last 12 months
2 July 2014, Paul Andlinger

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Here's What to Know About Apache Cassandra 5.0
16 April 2024, hackernoon.com

What Is Cassandra? Working, Features, and Uses - Spiceworks
17 August 2023, Spiceworks News and Insights

How Uber Optimized Cassandra Operations At Scale
20 July 2023, Uber

Cassandra is the “best f*cking database for gen AI,” says DataStax CEO
13 December 2023, VentureBeat

Microsoft extends life support for aging Apache Cassandra 3.11 database
10 October 2023, The Register

provided by Google News

Closing Bell: Solar Alliance Energy Inc flat on Monday (SOLR)
16 April 2024, The Globe and Mail

SOLR-led walkout demands better conditions for Compass workers
27 February 2024, Daily Northwestern

Long Term Trading Analysis for (SOLR)
28 March 2024, news.stocktradersdaily.com

Best Practices from Rackspace for Modernizing a Legacy HBase/Solr Architecture Using AWS Services | Amazon Web ...
9 October 2023, AWS Blog

SOLR hosts teach-in of labor movements at Northwestern
28 January 2024, Daily Northwestern

provided by Google News

Amazon acquires cybersecurity startup Sqrrl
8 June 2023, CISO Mag

Millennials possess the advantage of time for wealth creation, says Yashoraj Tyagi of Sqrrl
18 September 2023, MintGenie

Amazon's cloud business acquires Sqrrl, a security start-up with NSA roots
23 January 2018, CNBC

AWS beefs up threat detection with Sqrrl acquisition
24 January 2018, TechCrunch

Amazon Web Services catches Sqrrl, a security startup founded by ex-NSA staffers
23 January 2018, GeekWire

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

SingleStore logo

Build AI apps with Vectors on SQL and JSON with milliseconds response times.
Try it today.

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

Milvus logo

Vector database designed for GenAI, fully equipped for enterprise implementation.
Try Managed Milvus for Free

Ontotext logo

GraphDB allows you to link diverse data, index it for semantic search and enrich it via text analysis to build big knowledge graphs. Get it free.

Present your product here