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DBMS > Cassandra vs. ScyllaDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. ScyllaDB vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column storeTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score116.31
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.33
Rank#77  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score1.34
Rank#177  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#88  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.scylladb.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.scylladb.comdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookScyllaDBVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release200820152016
Current release4.1.0, December 2022ScyllaDB Open Source 5.0, July 20222.14.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Luano
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraScyllaDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
ScyllaDB is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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AdTech ( AdGear , FullContact , Numberly , SAS , SteelHouse , Xandr) Customer Data...
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Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Comcast, Samsung, Medium, Disney+ Hotstar, Discord, Zillow, Grab, OlaCabs, Numberly,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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ScyllaDB Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) ScyllaDB Enterprise - subscription-based...
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AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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3rd partiesAiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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CassandraScyllaDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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