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DBMS > Cassandra vs. ScyllaDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. ScyllaDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column storeTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score110.93
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.14
Rank#112  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score1.94
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.scylladb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.scylladb.comdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookScyllaDBPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200820152016
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 20215.0.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaSTiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Luano
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraScyllaDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Scylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
AdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Comcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Scylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Linux Kernel vs. Memory Fragmentation (Part II)
3 May 2021

Getting Started with Rails & TiDB
28 April 2021

TiKV + SPDK: Pushing the Limits of Storage Performance
26 April 2021

Announcing Establishment of Japan Office
22 April 2021

Using a GPU Boosts TiDB Analytics Performance by 10 to 150 Times
19 April 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraScyllaDBTiDB
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Conferences and events

Disney+ Hotstar: Scaling NoSQL for Millions of Video On-Demand Users
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