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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Spark SQL vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Spark SQL vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.00
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score21.39
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#297  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software FoundationSTS Soft SC
Initial release200820142011
Current release3.11.10 , February 20213.1.1, March 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScalaC#
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraSpark SQLSTSdb
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraSpark SQLSTSdb
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Recent citations in the news

Cassandra 4.0 release delayed after Apple engineer spots bug
19 July 2021, AppleInsider

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13 July 2021, marketscreener.com

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16 July 2021, Analytics India Magazine

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15 July 2021, TechTarget

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