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DBMS > Cassandra vs. RavenDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. RavenDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS infoexperimentalDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score4.21
Rank#78  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score1.12
Rank#154  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgravendb.netwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestravendb.net/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHibernating RhinosYugabyte Inc.
Initial release200820102017
Current release3.11.7, July 20204.2, May 20192.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes on AWS, Azure, and GCP. Enjoy a globally distributed cluster with enterprise-grade security and reduce cloud storage costs by 50% with Native data compression.
Implementation languageJavaC#C and C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (RQL)yes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replicationBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraRavenDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraRavenDBYugabyteDB
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