DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx vs. YugabyteDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeRDF storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.07
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.42
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score6.49
Rank#52  Overall
#5  Search engines
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgrdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.rdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sphinx Technologies Inc.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release2008200420012017
Current release3.11.6, February 20203.1.1, October 20182.1.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)yes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Proprietary protocolYCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"noneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenonenoneBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usednoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnonoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinxYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together three must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinxYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate
San Diego, California, USA, 11-13 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

DataStax launches Kubernetes operator for open source Cassandra database
31 March 2020, TechCrunch

DataStax releases open-source Kubernetes Operator for Apache Cassandra
2 April 2020, Help Net Security

DataStax Boosts Cassandra Kubernetes with Cloud-Native Capabilities
2 April 2020, Database Trends and Applications

DataStax Releases Open-Source Kubernetes Operator for Cassandra
2 April 2020, Solutions Review

DataStax shifts focus back towards the Cassandra community
6 March 2020, Diginomica

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Apache Rya matures open source triple store database
17 October 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Coronavirus-themed spam surged 14,000% in two weeks says IBM
30 March 2020, TechRepublic

The Pirate Bay was recently down for over a week due to a DDoS attack
29 October 2019, Internet

Archaeologists uncover huge trove of ancient coffins
28 October 2019, Lonely Planet Travel News

Google launches 'SOS Alert' for coronavirus in search results
31 January 2020, Daily Mail

Taxation Of The Digital Economy Is A Sphinx: Lessons From The Developed And Developing Countries To Guide Ghan
19 August 2019, Modern Ghana

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Scales to New Heights with the Release of YugabyteDB 2.1
25 February 2020, Business Wire

Yugabyte Advances Distributed SQL Leadership with Release of Yugabyte DB 2.0
17 September 2019, DevOps.com

YugaByte's distributed database gets GraphQL integration, Jepsen testing in a major update
9 October 2019, The Next Web

Yugabyte DB 2.0 Ships Production-Ready Distributed SQL Database for Going Cloud Native
8 October 2019, Integration Developers

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 3/10/2020
10 March 2020, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Reliability Engineer - Cassandra
Qualys, Foster City, CA

Cassandra Database Administrator
CEDENT, Dallas, TX

DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR (SQL)
Foot Locker, Inc., Camp Hill, PA

Cassandra Database Consultant
QuEST Global Engineering, Houston, TX

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Data Scientist
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Data Engineer
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Data Visualization Developer
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Big Data Pipeline Engineer
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Sr. Technical Product Manager, Data Pipeline and APIs
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here