DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. QuestDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. QuestDB vs. Spark SQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA high performance open source SQL database for time series dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score109.27
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.69
Rank#121  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score19.78
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgquestdb.iospark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestquestdb.io/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookQuestDB Technology IncApache Software Foundation
Initial release200820142014
Current release4.1.3, July 20233.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava (Zero-GC), C++, RustScala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocolyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL with time-series extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning (by timestamps)yes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSource-replica replication with eventual consistencynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID for single-table writesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infothrough memory mapped filesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraQuestDBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Relational model with native time series support Column-based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
High ingestion throughput: peak of 4M rows/sec (TSBS Benchmark) Code optimizations...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Financial tick data Industrial IoT Application Metrics Monitoring
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Banks & Hedge funds, Yahoo, OKX, Airbus, Aquis Exchange, Net App, Cloudera, Airtel,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source Apache 2.0 QuestDB Enterprise QuestDB Cloud
» more
News

RAGStack, the Ready-Made RAG Solution, Is Now Integrated with LlamaIndex
20 February 2024

Astra DB’s Third “Serverless-versary”
6 February 2024

How to Build an Image Search App with Astra DB and CLIP Models
5 February 2024

How Hornet Uses Metadata Indexing to Help Users Find the Perfect Match
2 February 2024

Demystifying LLM-based Architectures: A New Guide from LangChain and DataStax
31 January 2024

The Billion Row Challenge (1BRC) - Step-by-step from 71s to 1.7s
20 February 2024

Replace InfluxDB with QuestDB
1 February 2024

How crypto exchanges like Coinbase make money
29 January 2024

Tracking sea faring ships with AIS data and Grafana
24 January 2024

US Bitcoin ETFs: Understanding fair value
16 January 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCassandra Forward event: Want to level up your Cassandra game? Watch now replays of the March 2023 sessions.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraQuestDBSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

What Is Cassandra? Working, Features, and Uses
17 August 2023, Spiceworks News and Insights

Apache Cassandra: The Database that Helps Uber and Apple De-risk Their AI Projects
7 August 2023, hackernoon.com

Cassandra is the “best f*cking database for gen AI,” says DataStax CEO
13 December 2023, VentureBeat

Microsoft extends life support for aging Apache Cassandra 3.11 database
10 October 2023, The Register

Vector Search Is Coming to Apache Cassandra
12 May 2023, The New Stack

provided by Google News

Kubernetes Annotations: Harnessing Power in Operator Development
30 November 2023, hackernoon.com

A Performant Way to Query Streaming Data | by Harrison Hoffman
22 May 2023, Towards Data Science

QuestDB snares $12M Series A with hosted version coming soon
3 November 2021, TechCrunch

QuestDB gets $12M Series A funding amid growing interest in time-series databases
3 November 2021, SiliconANGLE News

QuestDB launches 'database-as-a-service' with $12M investment
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Run Spark SQL on Amazon Athena Spark
23 October 2023, AWS Blog

Seamless Data Analytics Workflow: From Dockerized JupyterLab and MinIO to Insights with Spark SQL
21 December 2023, Towards Data Science

Cracking the Apache Spark Interview: 80+ Top Questions and Answers for 2023
12 July 2023, Simplilearn

Use Amazon Athena with Spark SQL for your open-source transactional table formats | Amazon Web Services
24 January 2024, AWS Blog

18 Top Big Data Tools and Technologies to Know About in 2024
24 January 2024, TechTarget

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

SingleStore logo

The database to transact, analyze and contextualize your data in real time.
Try it today.

Milvus logo

The open source vector database for GenAI.
Try Managed Milvus Free

Ontotext logo

GraphDB allows you to link diverse data, index it for semantic search and enrich it via text analysis to build big knowledge graphs. Get it free.

Present your product here