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DBMS > Cassandra vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.11
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score130.54
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#129  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2008201020002010
Current release3.11.10 , February 20213.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaCJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, Javascriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersyesHooksyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraOrientDBSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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