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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score115.45
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score4.84
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#43  Relational DBMS
Score96.42
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOracleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200820112014
Current release4.0.4, May 202222.1, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraOracle NoSQLSnowflake
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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3rd partiesAiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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More resources
CassandraOracle NoSQLSnowflake
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