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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSRDF storeSearch engineGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.08
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#335  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#224  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score6.43
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Search engines
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikirdf4j.org/­documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sphinx Technologies Inc.VelocityDB Inc
Initial release20082014200420012011
Current release3.11.9, November 20203.3.1, July 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC++C#
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaJava
PHP
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesnono
TriggersyesnoyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infobased on CassandranoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnononoBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinxVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinxVelocityDB
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