DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.11
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#102  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgneo4j.comwww.scylladb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.ScyllaDB
Initial release200820072015
Current release3.11.10 , February 20214.2.6, May 2021Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes, Lua
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraNeo4jScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Scylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
AdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Comcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Scylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – deps.dev, neo-forgery, Motherlode, tei2neo, RBAC with Azure AD, Prometheus, GraphStuff.FM Podcasts
12 June 2021

#GraphCast: Why Join Neo4j with Johannes
11 June 2021

What Pride Month Means to Me at Neo4j
10 June 2021

Reflections on My First 6 Months at Neo4j
8 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Graph Embeddings, Confluent with Aura, Intro Video, Liquibase, Data Stack Show
5 June 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraNeo4jScyllaDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Why Your Next App Should Be On Cassandra -- ADTmag
2 June 2021, ADT Magazine

Cloud-based Database Market Quality & Quantity Analysis | Teradata, Cassandra, Tencent, Oracle – The Courier
10 June 2021, The Courier

DataStax Accelerates In Asia-Pacific With New Singapore Headquarters
8 June 2021, StreetInsider.com

Instaclustr's Stefan Miklosovic Becomes the Newest Apache
17 May 2021, GlobeNewswire

DataStax collaborates with NetApp to adopt and manage high scale, cloud native data
22 May 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Neo4j Delivers the First Graph Database Hardened Container in Collaboration with The Department of Defense Platform One
19 May 2021, PRNewswire

Air Force Approves Neo4j Graph Database Container for DOD Networks; Nicolas Chaillan Quoted
20 May 2021, ExecutiveGov

Graphs as a foundational technology stack: Analytics, AI, and hardware
28 May 2021, VentureBeat

Graph Analytics Market Size (2021-2028) | Top Manufacturers – Linkurious, Graphistry, Objectivity, Dataiku, Neo4j, Teradata – The Manomet Current
2 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Databases Software Market Growth 2021, Business Opportunities by leading Keyplaers| Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
18 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Announces Scylla Enterprise 2021 NoSQL Database
20 May 2021, GlobeNewswire

ScyllaDB Announces NoSQL SOC2 Certification
13 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

ScyllaDB Unveils 'Monstrous' New Capabilities for Its NoSQL
12 January 2021, GlobeNewswire

news digest: Netlify's Deploy Previews, Scylla Enterprise 2021, and PostgreSQL 14 beta 1 - SD Times
20 May 2021, SDTimes.com

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 6/1/2021
1 June 2021, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cassandra Database Analyst
Excelerated Analytics LLC, Stafford, VA

Database Administrator (Cassandra DBA)
TechNet Inc., San Jose, CA

SQL Database Developer
We Build Databases, Washington, MI

Database / DevOps Engineer
Calypso Way, Remote

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Data Analyst (Junior)
Far Ridgeline Engagements Inc, Fayetteville, NC

Associate Data Intelligence Developer
CastleBranch, Wilmington, NC

Neo4j User Community Lead - Remote
Neo4j, United States

Customer Support Engineer (West Coast - Remote)
Neo4j, Portland, OR

Customer Success Manager (West-Remote)
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

C++ Software Engineer
ScyllaDB, Illinois

Field Engineer
ScyllaDB, Remote

Solution Engineer
ScyllaDB, Remote

Developer Evangelist / Advocate
ScyllaDB, California

Software Automation (Python) Team Lead
ScyllaDB, Illinois

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here