DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen source graph databaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.16
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score49.76
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#218  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgneo4j.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release200820072004
Current release3.11.6, February 20204.0.4, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Unlimited Possibilities: 5-Minute Interview with David Mohr
29 May 2020

Graphs in Automotive and Manufacturing: Unlock New Value from Your Data
27 May 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neosemantics 4.0, REST to Graph, Neo4j OGM with Quarkus, Beat Saber Graph
23 May 2020

#GraphCast: Graphs4Good Knowledge Graph to Fight COVID-19
22 May 2020

Neo4j Online Developer Expo & Summit Is Back!
20 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

"DataStax Astra makes the power of Apache Cassandra available to more developers"
29 May 2020, JAXenter

Database Week: DataStax unleashed Astra managed Cassandra cloud
12 May 2020, ZDNet

Open source database ScyllaDB 4.0 promises Apache Cassandra, Amazon DynamoDB drop-in replacement
7 May 2020, ZDNet

Cloud-based Database Market 2027| Rackspace Hosting • Tencent • Couchbase • SAP • Alibaba • Google • IBM • Oracle • Cassandra • Microsoft • Amazon Web Services
29 May 2020, Cole of Duty

DataStax Astra: A DBaaS that simplifies cloud-native Apache Cassandra application development
14 May 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

The World's Leading Companies Use Neo4j to Manage Supply Chains, Boost Resilience and Ensure Business Continuity
27 May 2020, PRNewswire

The 7 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2020
28 May 2020, Solutions Review

Rising Opportunities in GPU Database Market | • Neo4j • Anaconda • NVIDIA • Blazegraph • OmniSci
29 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Case: Trademarks/Abandonment (ND Cal.)
26 May 2020, Bloomberg Law

Graph Database Market Outlook to 2026 Leading by Industry Players like Oracle, IBM, Microsoft, Amazon Web Services, Inc., Neo4j, Inc., TIBCO Software Inc
29 May 2020, Cole of Duty

provided by Google News

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, Yahoo Finance

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Apache Rya matures open source triple store database
17 October 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

NoSQL Database Administrator
IBM, United States

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra / DataStax
Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI

Postgres/Cassandra Production DBA
Kronos Incorporated, Lowell, MA

Cassandra Database Administrator
Sandhills Global, Inc., Scottsdale, AZ

Associate DBA Architect
Travelers, Hartford, CT

Graph Database Developer
Vedainfo, Remote

Data Engineer
Colgate-Palmolive, Piscataway, NJ

Creative Director
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Enterprise Data Steward, Event 360
Bayer, Missouri

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here