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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen source graph database
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score110.93
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score52.23
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgneo4j.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20082007
Current release3.11.10 , February 20214.2.6, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraNeo4j
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Advantages of Neo4j Aura Enterprise: Cost-Effective and Future-Proof
10 May 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j Streams, Event Processing, Py2Neo, News as Knowledge Graphs
8 May 2021

Intelligent Content Curation: 5-Minute Interview with Tourism Media’s Terry Franklin
7 May 2021

Neo4j Graphs4Good Honored with Fast Company’s 2021 World Changing Ideas Award
5 May 2021

Gartner’s Getting Graphy at Highly Anticipated Data & Analytics Summit
4 May 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraNeo4j
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Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Change Data Capture for Distributed Databases @Netflix
9 May 2021, InfoQ.com

Cassandra Database Administrator - FARFETCH job with FARFETCH Group | 162240
20 April 2021, The Business of Fashion

Yugabyte Releases Database on Kubernetes Clusters
7 May 2021, Container Journal

Cost-Saving Cassandra: Serverless Vs Self-Managed – Gigaom
23 April 2021, Gigaom

DataStax Astra Is Now Available in the Microsoft Azure Marketplace
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provided by Google News

Neo4j: Why Graph Technology Is the Key to Fraud Detection
16 April 2021, The Fintech Times

Neo4j's Graphs 4 COVID-19 Initiative Honored Twice in Fast Company's 2021 World Changing Ideas
5 May 2021, PRNewswire

Graph Databases Software Market Size 2021, Analysis By Leading Keyplayers | Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
10 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

GPU Database Market Research & Clinical Advancements by 2028 | Kinetica, Blazegraph, Neo4j – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
8 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Graph Database Market 2021 Is Rapidly Increasing Worldwide in Near Future | Ibm, Microsoft, Oracle, Aws, Neo4J, Orientdb – Brockville Observer
10 May 2021, Brockville Observer

provided by Google News

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