DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.71
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1275.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score1346.39
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release20081995201319801994
Current release3.11.5, October 20198.0.18, October 201919c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Answers to Your 5 Questions about Database Scalability (Tech Blog)
6 December 2019

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

How Can I Confirm That My NuoDB Upgrade Completed Successfully? (Tech Blog)
20 November 2019

NuoDB Golang Operator Now Available, Delivering On Automated Day 2 Operations (Tech Blog)
13 November 2019

3 Inflection Points Transforming the Banking Industry (Corporate Blog)
29 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more
Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more
Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate
San Diego, California, USA, 11-13 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

AWS Launches Cassandra Service
3 December 2019, Datanami

Amazon Managed Apache Cassandra Service stokes competition
13 December 2019, TechTarget

AWS Announces Amazon Managed (Apache) Cassandra Service
3 December 2019, Business Wire

AWS re:Invent 2019 Postmortem: Introducing Cassandra and bringing ML to Aurora
10 December 2019, ZDNet

When – and When Not – to Use Open Source Apache Cassandra, Kafka, Spark and Elasticsearch
3 December 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

IDERA Enhances SQL Diagnostic Manager for MySQL
11 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Laravel and MySQL 8: Fixing MySQL Server Has Gone Away Error
6 December 2019, Laravel News

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for MySQL Improves Query Performance and Enterprise Security
10 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

Query Performance Optimization in MySQL
2 December 2019, Database Journal

Alliance Key Manager Now Supports Encryption Key Management for MySQL Enterprise Edition Database
19 November 2019, Benzinga

provided by Google News

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, Associated Press

NuoDB, Rancher Labs partner to help WeLab set up virtual bank
21 November 2019, IBS Intelligence

Temenos Benchmarks Its Cloud-native Digital Banking Software on AWS and Proves Its Ability to Handle Over Half the World’s Banking Transaction Volumes on a Single Instance of the Software
21 November 2019, Yahoo Finance

NuoDB to Join Intel, & Temenos at SIBOS 2019 to Demonstrate the Power of Distributed SQL Databases
23 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

Distributed SQL Database NuoDB 4.0 Supports Kubernetes Operator and Indexing Improvements
7 October 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Oracle Ranks First in all Four Use Cases for Oracle Database in Gartner's Critical Capabilities for Operational Database Management Systems Report
5 December 2019, PRNewswire

Oracle's autonomous database sales more than doubled in Q2
12 December 2019, ZDNet

Vishal Sikka joins Oracle's board of directors
10 December 2019, Economic Times

Oracle looks to grow multi-model database features
26 November 2019, TechTarget

Oracle’s Need for ‘Steep’ Sales Climb Leaves Street Cautious
13 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Cassandra Database Administrator
Sandhills Publishing, Scottsdale, AZ

Apache Cassandra database-Lead
Wipro Limited, Bothell, WA

Cassandra Database Administrator (DBA)
Cisco Careers, San Jose, CA

Cassandra Database Administrator (Contractor)
[24]7.ai, San Jose, CA

MySQL DBA - remote
Percona, Remote

Data Scientist
Aborn & Co., Norwell, MA

Research Analyst (Crime Prevention & Justice Assistance Division)
State of Hawaii Department of the Attorney General, Honolulu, HI

Database Engineer (MySQL)
Percona, Remote

Database Administrator (MySQL)
Billtrust, United States

IT Manager
NuoDB, Cambridge, MA

Senior Product Manager
NuoDB, Cambridge, MA

Database Administrator- Oracle/Hyperion
CVS Health, Cumberland, RI

ORACLE DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR
New York City HRA/DEPT OF SOCIAL SERVICES, Brooklyn, NY

Database Administrator_Remote
Sawdey Solution Services, Inc., Remote

Database Administrators
Annuk, Washington, DC

Sr. Oracle Database Administrator
Superior Court of Orange County, Orange County, CA

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here