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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MongoDB vs. Percona Server for MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MongoDB vs. Percona Server for MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA drop-in replacement for MongoDB Community Edition with enterprise-grade features.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.85
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score469.97
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.71
Rank#203  Overall
#31  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comwww.percona.com/­software/­mongodb/­percona-server-for-mongodb
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.percona.com/­doc/­percona-server-for-mongodb/­LATEST/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMongoDB, IncPercona
Initial release200820092015
Current release3.11.10 , February 20214.4.5, April 20213.4.10-2.10, November 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSONproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Actionscript
C
C#
C++
Clojure
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infovia In-Memory Engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMongoDBPercona Server for MongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMongoDBPercona Server for MongoDB
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