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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MongoDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MongoDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSRDF storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score433.33
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#323  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#223  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Score7.26
Rank#48  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.mongodb.com/­manualgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.rdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMongoDB, IncOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release20082009201420042001
Current release3.11.6, February 20204.2.2, December 20193.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnoyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInonoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
JavaJava
PHP
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptnoyesno
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlynoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding infobased on CassandranoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-slave replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesnonono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMongoDBNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinx
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
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