DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.11
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.95
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200820041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021Oct2020-SP2, January 202113.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMonetDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMonetDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

DataStax Taps Pulsar for Streaming Data Platform
15 June 2021, Datanami

rENIAC Collaborates with Xilinx to Provide Performance as a Service in Response to Customer Need for Predictable & Scalable Performance Across Clouds
22 June 2021, WFMZ Allentown

Cloud-based Database Market Quality & Quantity Analysis | Teradata, Cassandra, Tencent, Oracle – The Courier
10 June 2021, The Courier

DataStax Shows Strong Momentum with New Customers, Partners and Products
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Why Your Next App Should Be On Cassandra -- ADTmag
2 June 2021, ADT Magazine

provided by Google News

RDBMS Software Market Size & Revenue Analysis | IBM, PostgreSQL Global Development Group – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions teams up with Numascale
3 February 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Integrating data science and relational systems — CWI Amsterdam
10 June 2020, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

provided by Google News

EDB turns up the heat on PostgreSQL to fire up enterprise database market
21 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Postgres Professional adds enterprise-features, PostgreSQL 13 updates
8 June 2021, VentureBeat

PostgreSQL benefits and challenges: A snapshot
27 May 2021, InfoWorld

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Deploying a Data Warehouse With PostgreSQL
2 June 2021, CDOTrends

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Database Engineer * Cassandra* MariaDB* Remote East Coast Opportunity *
Synchronoss Technologies, Bridgewater, NJ

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra / DataStax
Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI

Data Analyst
86Borders, LLC., Remote

Database Engineer / DevOps
Calypso Way, Remote

Database Architect (100% Remote)
First tek INC, Dallas, TX

PostgreSQL DBA
Dovel Technologies, LLC, College Park, MD

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Software Engineer II - PostgreSQL Admin
7-Eleven, Inc., Irving, TX

PostgreSQL Database Engineer
Dovel Technologies, LLC, Silver Spring, MD

Front-End Developer
Camping World, Lincolnshire, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here