DB-EngineseXtremeDB: Active Replication Fabric for Reliable IoT Database ManagementEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessMicrosofts relational DBMSKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.34
Rank#77  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftOracle
Initial release200819892011
Current release3.11.6, February 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201919.5, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeyesoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Apache Cassandra’s road to the cloud
4 August 2020, ZDNet

Apache Cassandra 4.0 Lands: Five Times Faster, Audit Logging and More
21 July 2020, Computer Business Review

How the Apache Cassandra community stopped fighting to build its best release yet
22 July 2020, TechRepublic

Apache Cassandra 4.0 promises increased stability, speed and ease of use
22 July 2020, www.computing.co.uk

Cassandra Update Boosts Recovery Speeds
27 July 2020, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

How Resumable Indexes in SQL Server 2019 Makes Your Job Easier - Microsoft
4 August 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Columnstore Indexes in SQL Server
22 July 2020, Redmondmag.com

DH2i to Address How to Mitigate Microsoft SQL Server Costs Amidst Pandemic-Ravaged Budgets
28 July 2020, PRNewswire

Benchmarking SQL Server and Azure SQL with WorkloadTools | Data Exposed - Microsoft
21 July 2020, Channel 9

Amazon RDS for SQL Server reduces prices on Enterprise Edition in the Multi-AZ configuration
28 July 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Don’t Chase Growth With MongoDB
20 July 2020, Forbes

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Oracle Announces NoSQL Database Cloud Service
1 April 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle Patches 219 Security Vulnerabilities – 142 Remotely Exploitable
16 October 2019, Computer Business Review

Oracle NoSQL Database
3 April 2018, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Apache Cassandra database-Lead
Wipro Limited, New Jersey

Cassandra DBA
TELUS International, Pennsylvania

Database Engineer
American Express Global Business Travel, United States

Crew Member: Ecological & Vegetation Monitoring in Carlsbad or Las Cruces
Conservation Legacy, Las Cruces, NM

Crew Member: Ecological & Vegetation Monitoring in Colorado or New Mexico
Conservation Legacy, Durango, CO

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server Developer
Systems Plus, Washington, DC

SQL Server Developer
Softnice, Richmond, VA

SQL Server SSAS Developer
Fetch Inc, Newtown Square, PA

SQL Server database developer
Health & Human Services Comm, Austin, TX

Data Scientist
XPO Logistics, High Point, NC

Data Scientist
XPO Logistics, Lebanon, IN

EMIS Software Implementation Consultant, Telecommute
AECOM, Overland Park, KS

Intermediate Java Developer
Citi, Tampa, FL

Sr. Java Developer
Freemind Solutions, San Antonio, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here