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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#44  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftTeradata8Kdata
Initial release20082012200520172016
Current release4.0.1, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoin Aster File Storenono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoR packagesyes
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsoptimistic lockingACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTeradata AsterTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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More resources
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTeradata AsterTigerGraphToroDB
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