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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.85
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score33.52
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.54
Rank#225  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release200820142004
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptyes
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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