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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOne of the most popular document stores
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score125.72
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score27.59
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#4  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score408.07
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftMongoDB, Inc
Initial release200820142009
Current release3.11.4, February 20194.0.8, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptJavaScript
TriggersyesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Global distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Jet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Gartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
With Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDB
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate, Apache Cassandra Conference
National Harbor, Maryland, USA, 21-23 May 2019

Recent citations in the news

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provided by Google News

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