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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Memgraph vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Memgraph vs. ScyllaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAn open source graph database built for real-time streaming and compatible with Neo4jCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSWide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score116.22
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.68
Rank#158  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score5.63
Rank#77  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgmemgraph.comwww.scylladb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.memgraph.comdocs.scylladb.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookGitHubDiscord
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMemgraph LtdScyllaDB
Initial release200820172015
Current release4.1.0, December 2022ScyllaDB Open Source 5.0, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Lua
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication using RAFTselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infowith snapshot isolationno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissionsAccess rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMemgraphScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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More resources
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