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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score117.95
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#5  Search engines
Score19.85
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.marklogic.comvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMarkLogic Corp.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release200820012005
Current release4.0.6, August 20229.0, 201711.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL92Full 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesyesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardinghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMarkLogicVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more
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More resources
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