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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Graph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.75
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score11.10
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score1.46
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.marklogic.comwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMarkLogic Corp.Stardog-Union
Initial release200820012010
Current release3.11.8, August 20209.0, 20177.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL92Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMarkLogicStardog
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMarkLogicStardog
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