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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MarkLogic vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseOpen source graph database
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.40
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score13.42
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.marklogic.comneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMarkLogic Corp.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release200820012007
Current release3.11.4, February 20199.0, 20173.5.8, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMarkLogicNeo4j
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: GRANDstack, Building a Data Warehouse with Neo4j, Scale up your D3 graph visualisation
14 September 2019

#GraphCast: GraphConnect 2020, Early Bird Pricing Ends Oct 1st!
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DeepWalk: Implementing Graph Embeddings in Neo4j
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It’s All in the Relationships: 15 Rules of a Native Graph Database
9 September 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: Modeling, Network analysis of Prisoners of Zenda, Building a Questionnaire with Neo4j
7 September 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMarkLogicNeo4j
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