DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Impala

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Our visitors often compare Cassandra and Impala with Hive, Spark SQL and HBase.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.40
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score14.74
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCloudera
Initial release20082013
Current release3.11.4, February 20193.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraImpala
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraImpala
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Tutorial: Getting started with Apache Cassandra
3 September 2019, JAXenter

KCF Technologies taps Rubrik for Cassandra backup
6 September 2019, TechTarget

YugaByte's distributed database gets GraphQL integration, Jepsen testing in a major update
17 September 2019, The Next Web

Why you should be looking at Cassandra for cloud -
10 September 2019, Enterprise Times

ScyllaDB takes on Amazon with new DynamoDB migration tool
11 September 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera: Impala's it for interactive SQL on Hadoop; everything else will move to Spark
3 July 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Principal Database Solutions Architect
Sabre, Southlake, TX

Data Engineer
Bay State, Memphis, TN

Data Engineer
DST Systems, Kansas City, MO

Data Engineer
RBC, Raleigh, NC

Data Engineer
Frontend Arts, Sunnyvale, CA

Consultant, Strategy & Analytics, Analytics & Cognitive
Deloitte, New York, NY

Business Analyst
Priceline.com, Norwalk, CT

Business Intelligence Developer
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

Architect, GeForce NOW - Cloud
NVIDIA, Santa Clara, CA

Principal Database Engineer
Surescripts, LLC, Minneapolis, MN

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here