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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score6.03
Rank#66  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#275  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software FoundationClouderaGoogle
Initial release2008201520132014
Current release4.0.1, September 2021Apache Ignite 2.64.0.0, July 20212.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC++, Java, .NetC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)ANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)noUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes (replicated cache)selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraIgniteImpalaLovefield
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraIgniteImpalaLovefield
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