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DBMS > Cassandra vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. LeanXcale vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. LeanXcale vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCloud-based data warehousing serviceA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score113.63
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.59
Rank#130  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#265  Overall
#40  Key-value stores
#124  Relational DBMS
Score5.88
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score122.64
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehousewww.leanxcale.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookIBMLeanXcaleSAP infoformerly SybaseDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20082014201519922000
Current release3.11.10 , February 202117, July 20153.34.1, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyes infothrough Apache Derbyyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL, SQL PLyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBLeanXcaleSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSQLite
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBLeanXcaleSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSQLite
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