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DBMS > Cassandra vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.71
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score102.59
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score4.19
Rank#81  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncRocket Software
Initial release20082010200920091985
Current release4.0.1, September 202110.6.4, August 20215.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol using JSONJava API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraIBM CloudantMariaDBMongoDBUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
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175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CassandraIBM CloudantMariaDBMongoDBUniData,UniVerse
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