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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Hypertable vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Hypertable vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score125.21
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.73
Rank#128  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHypertable Inc.Timescale
Initial release200820092017
Current release3.11.4, February 20190.9.8.11, March 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
C++ API
Thrift
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor on file system levelMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHypertableTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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IoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Altair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
1 million+ downloads, 6,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Apache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); information on pricing for support and enterprise...
» more

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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraHypertableTimescaleDB
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