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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HugeGraph vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HugeGraph vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score98.83
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.17
Rank#335  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Score18.04
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orggithub.com/­hugegraph
hugegraph.apache.org
spark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthugegraph.apache.org/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookBaiduApache Software Foundation
Initial release200820182014
Current release4.1.3, July 20230.93.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Groovy
Java
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoasynchronous Gremlin script jobsno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesvia hugegraph-spark
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoedges in graphno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissionsno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHugeGraphSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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