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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Hive vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Hive vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score81.61
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghive.apache.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200820122010
Current release4.0.4, May 20223.1.2, August 20193.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHiveOrientDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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