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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Hazelcast vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Hazelcast vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely adopted in-memory data gridIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score6.46
Rank#56  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orghazelcast.comredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHazelcastSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2008200820091992
Current release3.11.7, July 20204.0, February 20206.0.6, July 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategynoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesLuayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyes infoEventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoReplicated MapMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Source-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHazelcastRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Hazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Hazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Hazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Hazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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Hazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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