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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Hazelcast

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Our visitors often compare Cassandra and Hazelcast with Redis, Memcached and Elasticsearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5Document store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score99.13
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.32
Rank#60  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghazelcast.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHazelcast
Initial release20082008
Current release4.1.3, July 20235.3.6, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersyesyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHazelcast
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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