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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.23
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score53.84
Rank#21  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score145.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.orgredis.io
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.orgredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release200820082009
Current release3.11.5, October 20192.2.0, June 20195.0.6, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaLua
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Optimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBaseRedis
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Redis Labs is the open source home and the provider of enterprise-class Redis.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
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More resources
CassandraHBaseRedis
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