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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQ
Initial release20082008198920092012
Current release3.11.6, February 20202.2.0, June 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Erlang
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesnono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyesyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraHBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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