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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.06
Rank#317  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.orgwww.irondb.iordf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.orgwww.irondb.io/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetCirconus LLC.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2008200820172004
Current release3.11.7, July 20202.2.0, June 2019V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
LinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP APIJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes, in Luayes
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
configurable replication factor, datacenter awarenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBaseIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
IRONdb is a highly available, distributed Time Series Database. It can support dozens...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Unmatched Scalability IRONdb is unique among TSDBs in that it does not use a consensus...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Real Systems Monitoring Monitor your systems infrastructure in real time across thousands...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
IRONdb serves the needs of the world's largest Time Series Database customers. One...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Only TSDB capable of scaling to billions of metrics. Only TSDB to scale to dozens...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
IRONdb is licensed under a subscription model based on the number of active metrics...
» more

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More resources
CassandraHBaseIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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